General Farmer Daniel and Mary Victoria Bond
Table of Contents
- 1. Thank You for Visiting my Site
- 2. Quick Facts
- 3. Establishing General Farmer Daniel's Lineage
- 4. Establishing Mary Victoria Bond's Lineage
- 5. Marriage
- 6. Their Life Together
- 7. Sources
- 8. To Do List
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General Farmer Daniel and Mary Victoria Bond are my 2nd Great Grandparents
When General Farmer Daniel was born on 8 Jan 1861, (1) in Johnson County, Kentucky, (1) his father, Peter Daniel, was 28 and his mother, Mary Jane VanHoose, was 27. He married Mary Victoria Bond on 24 Mar 1881 (2) in Johnson County, Kentucky. They had eight children in 17 years. He died on 21 Dec 1944 (1) in Scioto County, Ohio, at the age of 83.
When Mary Victoria Bond was born on 11 Feb 1866, (3) in Virginia, her father, William Ellington Bond, was 26 and her mother, Nancy Caroline Lipps, was 29. She died on 2 Mar 1948, at the age of 82. (4)
These things were happening in the world around 1861:
1858 Abraham Lincoln makes strong antislavery speech in Springfield, Ill ('... this nation cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.'). Lincoln-Douglas debates. First trans-atlantic telegraph cable completed by Cyrus W. Field of Mass. A pencil with an eraser attached earns H.L. Lipman a patent.
1858 30 Nov 1858 becomes famous date when it is stamped on mason fruit jars with screw type lids (patented by John Landis Mason) - date continued on all jars until 1879.
1860 South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union, Dec 20, 1860 (readmitted July 9, 1868). Abraham Lincoln is elected president.
1861 Start of Civil War.
1861 Pony Express started, operational for 18 months, killed by the telegraph.
1861 Congress adopts first US Income Tax. Neutral Kentucky, invaded by a Confederate army, proclaimed itself for the Union, but 1/3 of its citizens (including most of the family of Mary Todd Lincoln) declared for the South.
1863 Sep 22nd President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which attempted to free all slaves, some areas were exempt and not all states followed the proclamation. The Battle of Gettysburg, one of the most noted battles of the Civil War, was fought on July 1-3, 1963. On Nov 19, 1863, the field was dedicated as a national cemetery by President Lincoln in a two-minute speech which has become immortal. We all remember the opening line: 'Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth o
1863 Homestead Act becomes law, allowing settlers to claim land (160 acres) after they have lived on it for five years
1863 Free home delivery of the mail in urban areas began.
Establishing General Farmer Daniel's Lineage
In the 1870 census General Farmer is living with his parents Peter Daniel and Mary Jane VanHoose. His parents have real estate valued at $2000 and personal property valued at $1000. They can both read and write. General Farmer is 9 years old and living with his siblings Valentine, Isom, Peter and John.
In the 1880 census General Farmer is 19, can read and write and attended school within the year. His siblings still at home are Peter, John, Major A. and Rutherford B. H. His maternal grandmother, Jemima Borders VanHoose, is living with the family. His maternal grandfather was Valentine VanHoose and died around 1878. It is said Jemima died in 1880 so it makes sense that she is living with the family. Also note that one of General Farmer's siblings is Valentine. The family lives in Johnson County, Kentucky.
Establishing Mary Victoria Bond's LineageWe find Mary Victoria Bond in the 1870 Census in Flat Gap, Johnson County, Kentucky with her parents William Ellington Bond and Nancy Caroline Lipps. She is 4 years old. Her paternal grand mother, Rebecca Elam is also living with them and her profession at 54 years of age is doctor. I find a female doctor in 1870 to be very interesting. I have an unconfirmed date for the death of her husband, William J. Bond as 19 Sep 1868 in Wise County, Virginia. There is an 1866 Virginia tax record (5) (6) showing William J. Bond as a physician. Did his wife carry on in the profession after his death?
In the 1880 census her family is still living at Flat Gap, Johnson County, Kentucky. Her parents can read and write. All her siblings but her oldest sister, Rebecca, are still at home. Cousin Melvin Elam is living with them. Mary Victoria's paternal grand mother, Rebecca Elam, is still living with them at 61 years of age and is still a physician.
MarriageNote in the Marriage Certificate that Mary has her name as Mary V. M. Bond. I have seen her name as Mary Victoria Morgan Bond. Her maternal grandfather was Morgan Tennessee Lipps. She named one of her children Morgan Tennessee Daniel and her last child is Bond Lipps Daniel. The witness, Rebecca Elam is Mary's paternal grandmother. Rebecca Elam was living with Mary Victoria's family at the time as indicated in the 1870 (7) and 1880 (8) census. They were married at the home of William Ellington Bond, her father.
General Farmer, Mary Victoria Morgan, Anderson, Rebeca V.
The groom was 20 and the bride 15. The bride was born in Wise County, Virginia and she is getting married in Johnson County, Kentucky. Her mother is from Yancy County, North Carolina. General Farmer and both his parents were born in Johnson County, Kentucky.
General Farmer, Mary Victoria Morgan, Anderson, Rebeca V.
Mary Victoria's sister, Anna A. Bond married Robert Cox (9) four years later and General Farmer was a witness for their marriage. Robert Cox is later mentioned in some property deeds.
Their Life TogetherChildren from this marriage are all listed in the 1900 (10) census which says Mary Victoria has 8 children and they are all living. The children are:
- Augustus Daniel, was born on 31 Dec 1881 and died on 30 Dec 1966. (11) (12) I don't know where he is buried. He married Nevada Conley on 14 Nov 1900. (13)
- William E. Daniel, my Great Grandfather, was born on 16 Jan 1884, died on 20 Jan 1915 and is buried in the Daniel Cemetery, Peddler Gap, Morgan County, Kentucky. He married Sarah Cathern Wright on 10 Apr 1907. (14)
- Peter Daniel was born on 24 Feb 1886, died on 20 Jul 1966 (15) and is buried in the Fannin Cemetery near Crockett Kentucky. He married Cynthia Fannin on 18 Apr 1906.
- Morgan Tennessee Daniel was born in Jul 1888, died in 1964 (16) and is buried in the Lucasville Cemetery, Scioto County, Ohio. He married Nancy T. Wright.
- Mary A. Daniel was born on 26 May 1891, died 26 Oct 1970 (17) and is buried in the Jacobs Cemetery, Scioto County, Ohio. She married Leroy B. Conley on 17 Feb 1909
- Carrie Daniel was born in 1893, died in 1979 (18) and is buried in the Clarence Smith Cemetery, Road 589, Jeptha, Kentucky. She married Columbus Smith on 16 Nov 1909
- Rebecca Daniel was born on 5 Jun 1896. (19) (20) I had trouble finding information about Rebecca until I found the obituary for Bond Lipps Daniel. (21) It listed a surviving sister as Mrs. J. Ramey. Looking at census records I quickly found she married Jay B. Ramey sometime between 1910 and 1920. In the 1930 census they are living a few doors down from General Farmer and Mary. She died on 9 Jul 1981 and is probably buried in the same cemetery as her parents.
- Bond Lipps Daniel was born on 3 Dec 1898, died on 12 Jul 1941 (22) (23) (21) and is buried in the Jacobs Cemetery, Scioto County, Ohio.
Siblings of William E. Daniel, son of General Farmer Daniel and father of Walter Francis Daniel. Photo from Rachel and Sarah Just guessing at a date. Bond died in 1941.
Augustus, Morgan Tennessee, Mary A., Carrie, Unknown, Bond
Augustus, Taylor, Italy Mae, William E., William Gary, Carolyn Ann, Rachel Cathern, Janice, Sarah Cathern, Walter Francis, William F., Glennie Morgan, Thirel, Mondell, Jimmy Roger
General Farmer purchased about 50 acres of land on Birch Fork in Morgan County, Kentucky on 16 Feb 1882 from Solomon Blevins for $160. Note this is less than a year after their marriage. They appear to have lived on this land until they moved to Scioto County, Ohio sometime between1910 and 1920.
On 26 Nov 1892 General Farmer purchased 3 acres of land from John Burks for $20.
In the 1900 census General Farmer Daniel and Mary Victoria Daniel are in Morgan County and they have all eight of their children living with them. Everyone can read and write except for the pre-school aged children. They are living near David Bloomfield Daniel and Mary Victoria's parents, William Ellington Bond and Nancy Caroline Lipps.
I don't know who came to Morgan County first from Johnson County, but I do know that General Farmer purchased property on 16 Feb 1882 (24) on Birch Fork near David Bloomfield Daniel. David later deeded his property to Mace Montgomery in exchange for caring for him and his wife in their old age and giving them a decent burial. David and his wife are buried on the property. (25) (26) (27) (28)
On 6 Aug 1907 General Farmer purchased about 8 acres of land from his wife's parents William Ellington Bond and Nancy Caroline Lipps for $25. On that same day General Farmer was surety on a note for his son Morgan Tennessee Daniel to purchase about 20 acres of land from William Ellington Bond and Nancy Caroline Lipps for $35. William Ellington Bond died about 2 weeks later (29) so it seems he was getting his affairs in order.
On 18 Apr 1910 General Farmer and Mary Victoria sold land to Robert L. Cox who married Mary Victoria's sister, Ann Bell Bond.
The process to ordain General Farmer as a Deacon of the Lebanon United Baptist Church was started in May 1903. In church business on June 1903 (30) the report from the delegates that were sent to Bethel Church to ask for Elder J. T. Ferguson to come and assist in the ordination of General Farmer Daniel and Noah Wright as Deacons was received and the delegates dismissed. General Farmer was ordained as a Deacon in July 1903. (31)
in 1905 he is listed as a church member along with his sons, William E. Daniel and Morgan Tennessee. A Peter Daniel is listed also. General Farmer had a son Peter and his father was Peter. But his father Peter died in 1912 in Whitehouse Johnson County, Kentucky. (32) That would have been a long horse ride from Whitehouse to Lebanon Church so I am guessing this Peter is General Farmer's son. Also listed are Mary Victoria's father William Ellington Bond and her brother William J. Bond.
Around Aug 1906 is another membership list and General Farmer's son Augustus Daniel is now a member. (33) In Oct 1907 General Farmer is a clerk for the church so we can assume this minute was written by him and it contains his signature. (34) One membership list has him as a Charter Member (35) of the church along with William Ellington Bond and William J. Bond. I'm not sure what this means as I am pretty sure the church existed before their membership.
David Bloomfield, William Ellington, William Jasper, General Farmer, W. J., B. F., George, W. H., Noah, John, Clearance, William E., George, Jerry, Henry, W., Morgan Tennessee, Peter, Acy, George
Mary Victoria Bond is listed 1905 as a member. (36) Her name is entered as M. V. M. Daniel. This is more evidence for her name being Mary Victoria Morgan Daniel. Also listed is her mother Nancy Caroline Lipps. I think Mary A. Daniel is her daughter who married Leroy B. Conley on 17 Feb 1909. She is listed again around Aug 1906
Nancy Caroline, Mary Victoria Morgan, Catharine, Syundusta, D., Clency, Suzann, Nevada, Mary Jane, Julyann, Bertha, Sarah C., Mary J., Lora B., Mary, Frona, Elizabeth Conley, Emma, Olley, Martha, Martha, Syundusta, Emma, Nancy R. R., Ruth M., Sienticia, Nancy T., Mary A., A., Margret, Sylvana, Maranda, Recia, Marvilly
In the 1910 Census they are still living in Morgan County, Kentucky. Three children remain with them, Morgan Tennessee, Rebeca and Bond Lipps. They still live next to David Bloomfield Daniel and his wife Emma. This census is a train wreck. It appears that the census take just guessed at the ages, which happened sometimes. There is no doubt these are my grandparents. The location, neighbors and children are correct. But General Farmer should be around 48, Mary Victoria Bond about 44 and and Bond Lipps about 11. Rebecca should be about 14. The 1900 census is correct and the 1920 census is correct. Obviously the census taker just winged some numbers on this one.William E. Daniel and Lulu Hyden. William E. Daniel was killed in a mining accident 20 Jan, 1915. (37) I don't know exactly when they moved to Ohio. On 31 Dec 1927 the sold the home place to Norman Daniel. This was the same property General Farmer purchased from Solomn Blevins on 15 Feb, 1882 about 45 years previously. I have no clue why they waited so long to sell the Morgan County, Kentucky property after moving to Scioto, Ohio.
In 1930 their son Bond is still living at home. Mollie Alice has married Carl Beasley and they have a son, Carl Jr. They also have a great niece living with them, Edna Cox. I don't know anything about her. They did not indicate they had a radio. They own their home, General Farmer is 69 and he worked the day before.
In 1940 they still own their home and it is valued at $300. General Farmer and Mary Victoria indicate they have an 8th grade education. Their son Bond is 42 and still living at home. He must have had some kind of ailment to still be at home. Their grand daughter Mollie Alice and husband Carl Beasley live next door, own their home and it is valued at $450.
General Farmer Daniel died on 21 Dec 1944 (1) and is buried in the Jacob Cemetery in Lucasville, Ohio. Interestingly the obituary says he and Mary Victoria had 10 children. In the 1900 census Mary Victoria said she had 8 children with 8 living. There are no additional children in the 1910 or 1920 census. So they had a couple of children that died young or the obituary writer included their grand daughter Mollie Alice and Edna Cox their grand niece. I just don't know.
Mary Victoria Daniel died on 2 Mar 1948 (3) and is buried beside her husband.
List of All Sources Referenced Above by Number
Some of these may have been displayed in the text, but most were not
(1) 1944 Death Certificate for General Farmer Daniel
(2) Marriage Certificate
(3) 1948 Death Certificate for Mary Victoria Daniel
(4) Death Certificate for Mary Victoria Daniel
(5) 1866 Virginia Tax List for William J. Bond (Partial, Click for Full Document)
(6) 1866 Virginia Tax List for William J. Bond (Partial, Click for Full Document)
(7) 1870 Census for Mary Victoria Bond (Partial, Click for Full Document)
(8) 1880 Census for Mary Victoria Bond (Partial, Click for Full Document)
(9) Marriage Books, West Liberty, Kentucky for Anna A. Bond and Robert Cox
(10) 1900 Census for General Farmer Daniel (Partial, Click for Full Document)
(11) Obituary in United Baptist Church Minutes for Agustus Daniel
(12) Obituary in United Baptist Church Minutes for Agustus Daniel
(13) Obituary in United Baptist Church Minutes for Nevada Daniel
(14) Marriage Books, West Liberty, Morgan County, Ky with Marriage Date for William E. Daniel and Sarah Cathern Wright
(15) Fannin Cemetery, Crockett Kentucky, Peter Daniel
(16) Lucasville Cemetery, Scioto County, Ohio, Morgan Tennesee Daniel
(17) Jacobs Cemetery, Scioto County, Ohio, Mary A. Daniel
(18) Clarence Smith Cemetery, Road 589, Jeptha, Kentucky, Carrie Daniel
(19) 1981 Social Security Death Index for Rebecca Ramey
(20) 1981 Death Record for Rebecca Ramey
(21) 1941 Bond Lipps Daniel Obituary in the Portsmouth, Ohio paper
(22) Jacobs Cemetery, Scioto County, Ohio, Bond Lipps Daniel
(23) 1941 Bond Lipps Daniel Death Certificate
(24) 1882 Deed from Solomon Blevins to General Farmer Daniel (Partial, Click for Full Document)
(25) David Bloomfield Daniel and Family Graves
(26) David Bloomfield Daniel and Family Graves
(27) David Bloomfield Daniel and Family Graves
(28) David Bloomfield Daniel and Family Graves
(29) William Ellington Bond Grave
(30) Lebanon United Baptist Church Minutes 1901-1908 for General Farmer Daniel
(31) Lebanon United Baptist Church Minutes 1901-1908 for General Farmer Daniel
(32) 1912 Death Certificate for Peter Daniel
(33) Lebanon United Baptist Church Minutes 1901-1908 for General Farmer Daniel and Augustus Daniel
(34) Lebanon United Baptist Church Minutes 1901-1908 for General Farmer Daniel
(35) Lebanon United Baptist Church Minutes 1901-1908 for General Farmer Daniel
(36) Lebanon United Baptist Church Minutes 1901-1908 for Mary Victoria Bond
(37) 1915 William E. Daniel Death Certificate
To Do List
- Return to Jacob's Cemetery to photograph Rebecca and Jay Ramey graves
- Go to the Court House in Scioto and look for Daniel, Conley, Ramey land records
- Try to get documentation for more of the marriages
- Was there some physical or mental problem with the youngest son Bond?
- Where is Augustus buried?
- Clear up uncertainty around William J. Bond birth/death dates and profession.
- When did Mary Victoria Bond's parents move to Flat Gap from VA
- Get marriage date source for Peter and Cynthia
- Get marriage date for Mary and Leroy
- When was Lebanon Church established?
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